1930

1930 Census Data

One of my first discoveries about John (Jack) Haggerty was that he appears on the Coal Miners Memorial website established by Raymond A. Washlaski (http://patheoldminer.rootsweb.ancestry.com/hannastown.html).  In this “tribute to the coal miners that mined the bituminous coal seams of the Crabtree Mines, Crabtree, Unity & Salem Townships, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, USA,” Jack Haggerty is listed as a miner and as the Treasurer of United Mine Workers of America Local #5760, c. 1933, Jamison #4 Mine, Westmoreland Co., PA.

 

Mary Kellington writes compellingly about this period in Crabtree and its effects on the whole family: “with [my father’s] labor union activity [and] our Sunday night gatherings at Uncle Mike’s house to listen to various priests expounding ‘economic justice’ for the working man (including Pope Leo XIII’s encyclical ‘Rerum Novarum’) we became ‘political’ and well informed very early in life.”  Mary says the family was also keenly aware of the educational politics of the day: many people in Crabtree had to contend with the financial impossibility of continuously funding a Catholic school in town without government subsidies, yet did not want subsidization at the price of governmental intrusion in the administration of “Catholic and other church schools.”  Many—if not most—people in Crabtree were Catholic (the Irish, Italians, the Slovaks, and so on), the notable exceptions being the English, the Welsh, and the African Americans.  The latter group had an A.M.E. church in town.

 

The last available US census data is for 1930.  John Haggerty, 46, says his age at first marriage was 30, which means he was married in 1914.  He is working as a machinist (“coal mine work”) and living with his wife Winifred (age 40) and their children: Mary 16, John 14–their ages are inverted on the census form–and Winifred 9.  Also living with the family is Thomas Frain Sr., age 80, retired, and still an “alien,” that is, not a naturalized citizen.  Thomas Jr. (single, age 45), is living with them as well and is doing “labor at Tiples,” which designates the tipples part of the mining operation.  In a conversation at the De Luca general store in Crabtree, with Frank and Louis De Luca and Rugo (Rudolph) Mangini, Rugo reported merrily that Thomas Jr. was quite a drinker and a cut-up: a bald man who never wore a hat, he was remembered as saying, in his Liverpoodlian accent, “It’s a good thing the bloody cows don’t fly!”

 

The 1930 census lists Michael Haggerty as “Mike Hackerty,” working as an engineer for the Keystone [Coal] Co.  Michael, 53, lists his age at first marriage as 27.  He is still living with his sisters Elizabeth Haggerty 66 and Kathryn McCann 51.  Katie, who is working at the Crabtree Post Office, lists her age at first marriage as 21.  Also living with Michael Haggerty are his children Margaret 20, Mary 17, and Thomas 14.  Michael Haggerty’s brother-in-law, James Frain (single, age 35, a miner), is a lodger in his house.  There is no mention of Michael’s son James, who would have been 21.  By this time, James/Father Donald is undoubtedly living at St. Vincent’s Seminary in Latrobe.

 

By 1930 Julia Haggerty, wife of James P., is widowed (age 60) and living in Crabtree with her children James 35, Joseph 21, Catherine N. 19, Anna P. 16, Celia 22, and her grandson Edward 1.  Next door (probably in a duplex) are Julia’s son William Haggerty 31, his wife Catherine 28, and their children James 7, William 5, Hugh 2, and Josephine 6 months, as well as Celia Sobota 20, William’s sister-in-law, whose parents were born in Czechoslovakia.  William must be married to Catherine Sobota, a sign that in 1920 or so it was becoming acceptable to marry across ethnic lines.

 

The 1930 census shows Hugh Haggerty living in McAdoo with his wife Cecelia and Cecelia’s daughter (Hugh’s “niece”) Theresa Mingo.

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