1910 Census Data
In 1910, Katie Haggerty McCann is living in McAdoo Borough, Schuylkill County, with her husband Thomas McCann, her brother Hugh Haggerty (a railroad employee), and two boarders, a brother and sister who grew up in Honey Brook: George Shaughnessy 24, a railroad employee, and Annie Shaughnessy 15, a servant for a private family.
At some point in the 1910s, Katie and Thomas McCann had a son, Thomas Jr., who died in childhood and was buried in St. Patrick’s Cemetery in McAdoo, where Thomas and Katie were later buried as well. In fact, since the census data indicates that as of 1910 Katie had neither borne nor lost any children, and that she is widowed and childless by 1920, she must have lost both her son and her husband between 1910 and 1920, possibly in the 1918 influenza epidemic.
1910-1911 was a time of large-scale miners’ strikes across the state of Pennsylvania. It is in the context of intense struggles over workers’ rights, no doubt, that our great-uncle Hughie was written up in an article titled “Conciliation Board: Witnesses Heard But No Action Taken in Haggerty Case” in the Wilkes-Barre Record, Jan. 10, 1910, p.1: “At a meeting of the conciliation board in this city on Saturday the case of Hugh Haggerty, an engineer in the Honeybrook region, against the Lehigh and Wilkes-Barre Coal Co. was given consideration. Witnesses were heard on both sides of the question. Haggerty claims he worked twenty-three hours and was then suspended because he refused to work another shift, although during that month he had worked seven shifts and seven hours from the first to the fifth. No decision was rendered in the case. Other grievances were taken up but continued for further testimony.”
Hughie’s older brother James P. Haggerty has by this time moved to Crabtree and is mentioned, along with his uncle, Patrick Duffy, in the “Report on the Miners’ Strike in Westmoreland County, PA” (US Congressional Serial Set Inventory 6279, 62nd-2nd H.doc, #847). James Haggerty and Patrick Duffy were members of a party of some 300 striking miners who were blocked by the Jamison Coal & Coke Co. from proceeding to the funeral of one of their co-workers, John Campbell (a miner, a striker, and a veteran of the Spanish-American War in the Philippines), despite their possession of a court order allowing the peaceful funeral march. Jamison Coal & Coke considered the march to be in defiance of a prior court injunction against strikers marching past the property of the coal companies. Apparently, our great-uncle, James Haggerty, together with William Galvin, presented the court order permitting the funeral march to Thomas Jamison, who was representing the coal company. Because the marchers were carrying American flags (it was July 8, just a few days after the Independence Day celebrations), the irate Thomas Jamison “responded in no polite manner, saying you are a nice lot of patriotic sons of ————“ (Affidavit sworn in Greensburg, PA, Oct. 1, 1910 by John Hynes, William Galvin, Patrick Duffy, and John Ritson before Judge W. Irwin Hunter). The affidavit just cited was filed in protest against the illegal interference of the coal company in the funeral march. The coal company forced the marchers to roll up the flags and point the staffs toward the ground, in other words, to make a display of “un-American” activity, which was how the coal company wanted to construe the march.
The 1910 census shows Michael Haggerty and his wife “Anna” living in Salem Township, Westmoreland Co., PA (Crabtree, another coal patch) with their children James (age 2), Margaret (age 5 months), and a boarder, Patrick Duffy, (age 36), a laborer who is listed as Michael’s uncle. He is surely the same Patrick Duffy who appears in the Congressional report on the miners’ strike, and the same Patrick Duffy who was living in Honey Brook in 1900, Ann Frain Haggerty’s uncle.
Also living in Salem Township in 1910, apparently, is James P. Haggerty’s daughter Mary (Mamie), now 17 and working as a servant in the home of Edward C. and Jessie A. Taylor. I found no sign of her other family members in the 1910 census, although we know from the Congressional report that Mary’s father James P. was in the area.
Oddly, I also found no information on John Haggerty in the 1910 census. He may have been inadvertently left off the list of household members in McAdoo or Crabtree, or may have been living and working elsewhere. The youngest child in the family, John lost his father before the age of 16 (possibly as early as age 6) and lost his mother just after turning 23.
By the time of the 1917-18 draft registration, Hugh Haggerty is still in McAdoo (he married Bridget Cook at St. Patrick’s in 1913), and is still working for the Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal Co., his employer at the time of the 1910 grievance publicized in the Wilkes-Barre Record. John Haggerty, now married to Winifred Frain, is in Crabtree with his brother Michael. Their brothers-in-law, Thomas and James Frain, also have draft cards that list Crabtree as their address. Both Frain brothers fought in World War One, according to their tombstones in Calvary Hill Cemetery in Crabtree.